Computational Fluid Dynamics

Tangible Benefits of Crude Blending

Introduction Crude oil was discovered in the early 1800s. The refineries built in the late 19th and early 20th centuries were designed mostly to process fewer types of crude from fewer sources than today. The crude oil supply became abundant

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Butane Blending

Introduction One barrel of crude oil produces 80-85% of blended fuel products such as gasoline, diesel, and fuel oil. Gasoline fuel production is between 45-55% of one crude oil barrel. These fuel products are made by blending 6-12 components produced

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How to Benchmark a Refinery’s Fuels Blending System? Part 2 Case Study

Introduction Part 1 of this blog (HE, March 2018, pp 101-108) had discussed a methodology developed by the authors of this series to benchmark a refinery’s fuels blending system. This methodology produces two indices, namely, automation effectiveness and operational efficiency,

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